While studying the Middle East as the ‘Cradle of Civilization’ one can see that the three basis of ancient civilization were Agriculture, Civilization, and War. Although life existed in the African continent prior to a migration of human settlers into the area we now call the Middle East about 50,000 years ago. The area within the Middle East, that is historically known as the ‘Fertile Crescent’ provided humans with the ability to stop their wandering (hunters – gathers) in search of food, due primarily to an abundant water supply, rich soil in which to plant grains, and the ability to herd cattle and sheep.
The ability to provide an agricultural base let to the settling of towns, where trade could take place. These towns grew into cities, and then into empires. Trade disputes required laws and the family patriarchs, became rulers. Around the Tigris and Euphrates and the Nile Valley are were the first ancient cities cropped up. Jericho, near the Jordan river sprung up as well and provided man with fortifications against other tribes, from taking their land for their agriculture purposes. Continue reading